Is Environmental Science A Good College Major? An In-Depth Look

With climate change, pollution, and loss of biodiversity threatening our planet, an environmental science degree seems appealing for students passionate about the environment.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer: Environmental science is a solid major for hands-on learners looking to solve real-world ecological problems, especially if combined with internships for career experience.

This comprehensive guide covers the pros and cons of an environmental science major, from curriculum and career options to earnings potential and job satisfaction.

Environmental Science Curriculum

Types of Courses

The curriculum for an environmental science major typically includes a diverse range of courses that provide a comprehensive understanding of the field. Students can expect to take foundational courses in biology, chemistry, and physics, as these subjects form the basis of environmental science.

In addition to the core science courses, students will also explore topics such as ecology, geology, and environmental policy. These courses not only provide a solid foundation in environmental science but also equip students with the necessary knowledge to address complex environmental issues.

Specialized Tracks/Concentrations

Many environmental science programs offer specialized tracks or concentrations that allow students to focus their studies on specific areas of interest within the field. Some common concentrations include environmental policy and management, conservation biology, and environmental health.

These specialized tracks provide students with the opportunity to delve deeper into their chosen area of interest and gain specialized knowledge and skills. By choosing a concentration, students can tailor their education to align with their career goals and interests.

Undergraduate Research Opportunities

One of the key advantages of studying environmental science as a college major is the abundance of undergraduate research opportunities. Many universities and research institutions offer research programs specifically designed for undergraduate students in environmental science.

These programs provide hands-on experience and the opportunity to work alongside experienced researchers in the field. By engaging in research projects, students can apply their knowledge to real-world problems, develop critical thinking and problem-solving skills, and make meaningful contributions to the field of environmental science.

Benefits of Majoring in Environmental Science

Choosing a major in environmental science offers numerous benefits for students who are passionate about the environment and want to make a positive impact on the world. Here are some key advantages of pursuing a degree in environmental science:

Hands-On Learning

One of the major benefits of majoring in environmental science is the opportunity for hands-on learning. Many programs incorporate fieldwork and laboratory research, allowing students to gain practical experience in studying and analyzing the environment.

This hands-on approach not only enhances their understanding of scientific concepts but also equips them with the skills necessary for a successful career in the field.

Internship and Career Opportunities

Environmental science majors have a wide range of internship and career opportunities available to them. Many organizations, including government agencies, non-profit organizations, and private companies, are actively seeking professionals with knowledge and expertise in environmental science.

Internships provide valuable real-world experience and allow students to network with professionals in the field, potentially leading to job offers upon graduation.

Fast-Growing Field

The field of environmental science is experiencing rapid growth, making it an attractive option for students considering their career prospects. As awareness of environmental issues continues to increase, there is a growing demand for professionals who can address these challenges.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the employment of environmental scientists is projected to grow by 8% from 2019 to 2029, which is faster than the average for all occupations.

Global and Local Impact

Majoring in environmental science allows students to make a significant impact both globally and locally. Environmental scientists play a crucial role in addressing environmental challenges such as climate change, pollution, and natural resource management.

By studying the environment and developing sustainable solutions, they contribute to the well-being of both current and future generations. Their work can have a direct positive impact on the health of ecosystems, communities, and the planet as a whole.

Challenges of an Environmental Science Major

Complex Science Courses

Pursuing a major in environmental science comes with its fair share of challenges. One of the main hurdles that students encounter is the complexity of the science courses involved. Environmental science encompasses a wide range of disciplines, including biology, chemistry, geology, and ecology.

Students must be prepared to delve into these subjects and develop a solid understanding of each. The coursework can be demanding, requiring students to grasp complex concepts and theories, but it is this depth of knowledge that prepares them for a successful career in the field.

Math and Statistics Skills Needed

In addition to the scientific aspect, environmental science majors must also possess strong math and statistics skills. These skills are essential for analyzing data, conducting research, and making informed decisions.

From calculating pollutant concentrations to analyzing population trends, the ability to work with numbers is crucial in this field. However, for those who may find math challenging, there are resources available such as tutoring services and online courses to help students improve their skills.

Requires Passion for the Field

Another challenge of pursuing an environmental science major is the need for a true passion for the field. Environmental science is not just a subject to study; it is a calling to protect and preserve the planet.

Students must be genuinely interested in environmental issues and motivated to make a positive impact. This passion will drive them to overcome any obstacles they may encounter along the way, and ultimately contribute to the betterment of the environment and society as a whole.

Lower Salaries Than Engineering/CS

While environmental science offers a rewarding and fulfilling career path, it is important to note that salaries in this field tend to be lower compared to other majors such as engineering or computer science.

This is due to several factors, including the non-profit nature of many environmental organizations and the limited funding available for environmental projects. However, it is crucial to remember that financial gain should not be the sole determining factor when choosing a college major.

The intrinsic value of making a positive impact on the environment and the satisfaction derived from meaningful work often outweigh monetary considerations.

Top Career Paths for Graduates

Conservation Scientist

A degree in Environmental Science can lead to a rewarding career as a conservation scientist. These professionals work to protect and manage natural resources, such as forests, wetlands, and wildlife habitats.

They conduct research, collect data, and develop plans to ensure the sustainability and conservation of these ecosystems. Conservation scientists may work for government agencies, non-profit organizations, or consulting firms.

Environmental Consultant

Another promising career path for graduates with a degree in Environmental Science is that of an environmental consultant. These professionals help businesses and organizations comply with environmental regulations and reduce their impact on the environment.

They assess environmental risks, develop strategies for pollution prevention, and provide guidance on sustainable practices. Environmental consultants often work on a project basis and may specialize in areas such as air quality, water management, or waste management.

Sustainability Manager

As the world becomes more focused on sustainability, the demand for professionals who can manage and implement sustainable practices is growing. Graduates with a degree in Environmental Science can pursue a career as a sustainability manager, where they are responsible for developing and implementing sustainability initiatives within organizations.

They may work in industries such as manufacturing, energy, or transportation, and their role involves assessing environmental impacts, identifying areas for improvement, and implementing strategies to reduce resource consumption and waste.

Environmental Lawyer

For those who are passionate about both the environment and the law, a career as an environmental lawyer may be a great fit. Environmental lawyers work on legal cases related to environmental issues, such as pollution, land use, and natural resource management.

They may represent clients in court, provide legal advice on environmental regulations, and work to ensure compliance with environmental laws. A degree in Environmental Science can provide a strong foundation for this career path, as it provides a deep understanding of environmental issues and scientific principles.

Landscape Architect

Graduates with a degree in Environmental Science can also pursue a career as a landscape architect. These professionals design outdoor spaces, such as parks, gardens, and urban landscapes, with a focus on environmental sustainability.

They consider factors such as biodiversity, water conservation, and sustainable materials in their designs. Landscape architects work closely with clients, engineers, and other professionals to create functional and aesthetically pleasing outdoor spaces that are also environmentally friendly.

These are just a few of the many career paths available to graduates with a degree in Environmental Science. The field offers a wide range of opportunities for those who are passionate about protecting the environment and making a positive impact on the world.


An environmental science degree prepares students to take on real-world ecological problems through hands-on work, research, and interdisciplinary studies. It can be a highly rewarding path for students motivated to improve the environment.

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